Web Design 101: How HTML, CSS, and JavaScript Work

Learning to code is a skill that anyone can acquire with enough dedication and hard work. Programming is very similar to learning a new language, as each programming language has its own set of rules, syntax, and structure that must be understood and followed step by step. Those rules serve basically as instructions for your computer. And, in the context of web development, they are ways of instructing your browser on what actions to take.

If you are looking to understand the basics of building a website, you are in the right place. This article will explain the fundamentals of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript in simple, easy-to-understand language.

HTML, CSS, & JavaScript

HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are three key languages that power the web. Although they are quite closely related, they are designed for specific tasks. Knowing how they interact with one another, will help you understand the basics of web development. Basically, HTML is used to mark up raw context to give it meaning. CSS can be used to style that marked-up content. Finally, JavaScript is used to make all of this dynamic and interactive.

Or, in other words, JavaScript gives HTML life, CSS adds beauty to it, and HTML provides the structure for both. So, instead of competing, these languages complement and enhance one another, and when combined their power expounds,

If you are looking to become a web developer, you can greatly benefit from knowing these three languages. However, for best results, you should start by learning HTML first, followed by CSS, and then start learning JavaScript. This strategy encourages learning in a natural way, as it allows you to refresh and reinforce concepts from the languages you have studied before.

Introduction to HTML

HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language and is an integral part of any web page. It provides structure to web pages through the use of various elements, and it can also impact fonts, colors, hyperlinks, and images. HTML is used to notify the browser which parts of your website’s contents are the titles, H2 and H3 headings, as well as any images you may have on your website.

HTML is a universally accepted language for developers, so it’s important to have a good understanding of it. Luckily, it is one of the most popular web development languages which makes it simple to learn even for those who are just starting out. HTML is an essential skill when it comes to IT and web development, but don’t limit yourself to just HTML. It’s advisable to also learn CSS and JavaScript to truly make the most of web development.

What is CSS?

Cascading Style Sheets or CSS is responsible for styling HTML elements on a web page. It is what enables websites to look attractive and eye-catching to visitors. It is used for describing how web pages are presented, such as their colors, fonts, background images, and everything else that forms the visual appeal of a website.

Web developers can benefit greatly from mastering the art of CSS, as it enables them to set the tone for a website through its entire visual presentation. This makes it a highly advantageous tool to have in their arsenal. It exists because, as design elements like fonts and colors were introduced, web designers had a lot of trouble adapting HTML to these new features.

JavaScript, and how does it work?

JavaScript has been a major force in web development since the mid-90s. It is estimated that it was developed within just 10 days and today, it is one of the most commonly used programming languages for websites. Its popularity speaks for itself! JavaScript started off small but has become an essential component of modern web development and a driving force of user experience.

It adds a range of sophisticated features, interactive elements, and enhanced navigation capabilities to websites and web applications, improving the overall user experience. JavaScript is much more powerful than HTML and CSS, and its usage exceeds just websites and apps. From basic text frames to complex video games, practically all of the things we see on websites and apps have been built with JavaScript.

Final thoughts

It can be difficult to decide which web language to learn first when making a career switch to web development. Does language order make a difference? The answer is yes; knowing the fundamentals of a certain language will help build a strong foundation for further development. Understanding HTML, CSS, and JavaScript is essential for any web developer. Knowing how to correctly use them can make a huge impact on end results.

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