All of us wish to prosper in our lives and hence we choose such a stream which we are interested in so as to make a career in the things we are interested in and are passionate about. For that one needs to study hard and score well in order to progress rightfully. In this process, the choice of every person differs from one another, whether somebody wants to be an engineer, doctor, designer or a writer, etc. But there are a lot of terms and conditions involved in achieving our desired career. So, there might be a lot of people reading this article right here who are aspiring to become doctors in their lives and would also be in search of the appropriate information about the process that helps one to become a doctor. The most important exam one is required to attempt in order to fulfill their wish of becoming a doctor is the NEET. NEET or the National Eligibility Entrance Test is the qualifying entrance examination for courses such as MBBS and BTS in India. The students who clear this exam get admission in any reputed medical college of their choice or based on their marks. NTA or the National Testing Agency is responsible for conducting this exam. This exam is held at two levels and they are UG and PG. NEET conducts UG tests for the MBBS and BDS courses whereas at the PG level, entrance exams for courses of MS and MD are conducted. This exam is held in 479 medical colleges for admission across India. One must wonder about why NEET is required when in the olden times, there were still people who took admission in medical colleges with other entrance tests. The answer to this is there were about 90 such Entrance exams for seeking admission in medical colleges in India.
AIPMT (All India Pre-medical Test) was one of the exams that was conducted through the CBSE also known as the Central Board of Secondary Education. Even every state of India conducted its own entrance tests. So in this scenario, a student had to go through 7-8 entrance tests for qualifying which not only caused a lot of mental pressure but also resulted in students and their families spending a lot of money on entrance exam fee, travelling, documentation and similar stuff. Hence in order to save all this money, energy and time, NEET was introduced. The introduction of the NEET exam took away the pressure of studying different syllabi and also reduced students’ mental stress. Since then, in order to qualify for becoming a doctor, NEET was the only exam one had to clear. It replaced the AIPMT as well as state level examinations such as Delhi-PMT, MHCET, R-PMT, WBJEE, and EAMCET.
Some of the important and relevant information related to NEET can be given as follows:
- The duration of the NEET exam is about 3 hours.
- It consists of objective type questions and also has negative marking.
- In order to qualify for these exams, one must be a 12th pass out student of Subjects of Physics, Chemistry and biology/ biotechnology.
- It is a single stage examination and is conducted offline.
- Mathematics is not a compulsory subject as far as NEET is concerned.
- The minimum age limit to appear for this exam is 17 years and there is no upper-age limit.
- To appear for this exam, the candidates of unreserved categories have to have a result of at least 50% in their class 12 exams.
- While, the candidates of reserved categories that fall under the casts of ST, SC or OBC are needed to have a 40% result.
- This exam can be attempted as many times as one wishes to.
- The nationality of the candidate must be Indian.
After receiving the appropriate knowledge of this exam, one must do another important thing that is asking themselves if they really want to be a doctor. One must put in a lot of clear thought to the process. Once a person is firm on their decision, they should be ready to put in the required effort for cracking the exam. And the more effort someone puts into their school education, the easier it becomes to clear NEET. Hence, one needs to clear their understanding of basic concepts of physics, chemistry and biology. Time management is also equally necessary and crucial. Even if someone fails to clear NEET in their very first attempt, they should not get disheartened. Instead, they should make an analysis of what went wrong and how it can be improved and come back stronger in the next attempt and make sure the mistakes previously made are not repeated. But despite of all it is also very important to take care of one’s health.
The total marks of the examination are 720. And each chapter has its own weightage.
The chapter-wise weightage of biology is as follows:
Unit 1: Diversity in living world (8-10 questions)
Chapter 1: The living world-1 question.
Chapter 2: Biological classification- 2 to 3 questions.
Chapter 3: Plant kingdom- 2 to 3 questions.
Chapter 4: Animal kingdom- 3 to 4 questions.
Unit 2: Structural organisation in plants and animals (9-11 questions)
Chapter 5: Morphology of flowering plants- 3 to 4 questions.
Chapter 6: Anatomy of flowering plants- 2 to 3 questions.
Chapter 7: Structural organisation in animals- 3 to 4 questions.
Unit 3: Structure and functions (8-10 questions)
Chapter 8: Cell- the unit of life- 3 to 4 questions.
Chapter 9: Biomolecules- 2 to 3 questions.
Chapter 10: Cell type and cell division- 2 to 3 questions.
Unit 4: Plant physiology (6-8 questions)
Chapter 11: transport in plants- 1 to 2 questions.
Chapter 12: Mineral nutrition- 1 question.
Chapter 13: Photosynthesis- 1 to 2 questions.
Chapter 14: Respiration- 1 to 2 questions.
Chapter 15: Plant growth and development- 1 to 2 questions.
Unit 5: Human physiology (10-12 questions)
Chapter 16: Digestion and absorption- 2 questions.
Chapter 17: Breathing and exchange of gases- 1 to 2 questions.
Chapter 18: Body fluids and circulation- 2 questions.
Chapter 19: Excretory products and their elimination- 2 questions.
Unit 6: Reproduction (1 question)
Chapter 20: Reproduction in organisms- 1 question.
Chapter 21: Sexual Reproduction in flowering plants- 2 to 3 questions.
Chapter 22: Human reproduction-2 to 3 questions.
Chapter 23: Reproductive health- 1 to 2 questions.
Unit 7: Genetics and evolution (8-10 questions)
Chapter 24: Principal of inheritance and variation-4 to 5 questions.
Chapter 25: Molecular basis of inheritance- 3 to 4 questions.
Chapter 26: Evolution- 3 to 4 questions.
Unit 8: Biology in human welfare (7-9 questions)
Chapter 27: Human health and disease- 3 to 4 questions.
Chapter 28: Strategies for enhancement in food production- 1 to 2 questions.
Chapter 29: Microbes in human welfare- 2 to 3 questions.
Unit 9: Biotechnology (4-6 questions)
Chapter 30: Biotechnology: principals and processes-2 to 3 questions.
Chapter 31: Biotechnology and its application- 2 to 3 questions.
Make sure you go through all the chapters thoroughly, and also check out NEET Chapter Wise Weightage before starting with your preparation. This will help you create a precise time table.