Nowadays, first aid courses are gaining more and more popularity. They are organized for employees of industrial enterprises and everyone who wants to get this knowledge.
Some people wonder: “Why do you need to know first aid techniques?”. The answer is obvious. These special skills and knowledge can play a decisive role in extreme situations. To avoid making dangerous mistakes in providing first aid, it is necessary to undergo appropriate training and get a bls certification.
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There are different situations where it is necessary to provide first aid and BLS to the victims. The list of typical cases is limited. Anyone can master them. First aid courses teach:
- techniques to be used if the victim has difficulty breathing;
- how to do artificial respiration correctly;
- methods to stop bleeding and the like.
All of the above can be useful in the life of every person. Below we will analyze in detail the skills for first aid.
When the person next to you stops breathing, you must ensure that he is conscious. To do this, ask him a question or touch his shoulder. If the person does not respond, call an ambulance. It is also necessary to provide him with first aid.
You need to put the patient on his back on the floor surface to do this. He must raise his head so the man’s chin points up. It is quite easy to achieve this result. You need to take it with your fingertips under the jaw and gently raise your head, pressing on the victim’s forehead.
This procedure must be performed to see if the tongue closes the throat. You need to keep your head level. At this time, check the person’s breathing. This can be learned by observing the patient’s chest. As you breathe, it should rise and fall. To solve this problem, you can also bring your ear to the nose of the victim. So you can hear the breath when it is. If the patient is breathing, continue holding the patient in the indicated position until the ambulance arrives.
How to perform artificial respiration correctly?
You need to tilt the victim’s head and raise his chin to solve this problem. Then you need to pinch the person’s nostrils with your fingers. It needs to be done hard enough. This will prevent air from escaping.
Take a deep breath and cover the victim’s mouth with your mouth. Next, you need to exhale slowly. The process takes approximately 2/60 a minute. Repeat it twice. Pay attention to whether the victim’s chest rises when you exhale into his mouth. If this happens, then you are inhaling the required amount of air.
If resistance is observed, tilt the victim’s head and raise his chin even higher. These steps should be repeated until the person breathes or qualified medical personnel arrives.
If an adult is unconscious and without a pulse, artificial respiration should be immediately performed according to the abovementioned method. When there is no 100% confidence in the absence of a pulse, it is necessary to act differently.
In this case, you must pay attention to the victim’s chest. Next, locate the inverted V-shaped notch that forms the lower edge of the sternum. It is necessary to place the middle finger of your hand on it and the index finger on the chest bone.
Run the wrist of the second hand along the chest bone until it touches the index finger. This operation must be performed carefully and carefully. The wrist should be placed in the middle of the lower part of the chest bone. Do it fairly smoothly.
Next, you need to put the wrist of the second hand on the wrist of the first. Outside the chest, keep your fingers pressed together. You need to create pressure exclusively with your wrists. In this case, the elbows should be straight. You need to push with all the weight of your body. This will create a sufficient level of pressure. It is necessary to press so that the chest moves down a distance of four to five centimeters. After that, stop pressing and repeat the operation.
It is necessary to make about fifteen repetitions of the procedure described above. After that, you need to do artificial respiration. With this intensity, you must continue performing the above operations until the ambulance arrives. It is desirable to carry out about a hundred indentations in sixty seconds. In order not to lose count, repeat it out loud.
If a person is bleeding, you must stop it as soon as possible. In the case of small, minor cuts, the blood stops flowing within sixty to three hundred seconds. Afterward, you must rinse the cut site well and use a patch.
If the cuts are deep and the person is bleeding dark-colored blood slowly, such bleeding can be stopped by applying gentle pressure to the injury site with a clean piece of tissue. In the future, making a normal dressing using a sterile bandage will be necessary.
If a person has received the injury described above, the victim must be sent to a medical facility for more thorough treatment after giving him first aid.
Instead of a conclusion: are first aid courses needed?
Situations in life are very different. With the help of BLS skills, you can save human lives. Mastering them is not as difficult as it might seem at first glance. The hands on cpr training is very inexpensive to take. It is impossible to learn how to provide first aid, cpr or bls on your own. It is realistic to achieve a good result only when training with a highly qualified instructor, so contact only proven and experienced specialists.